China’s gender gap is getting worse

Society & Culture

Caixin reports that in the 2018 World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Gender Gap report, China fell to 103rd place out of 149 countries, ranking behind places such as Myanmar and Russia. This is the first time China has dropped out of the top 100, and three places down from where it was last year.

Released on December 18, the annual report described a general picture of the gender gap by measuring women’s opportunities in various areas across the globe. China’s overall score this year was 0.673, with 1.00 indicating total equality between women and men.

Below are some essential takeaways from the report:

  • Chinese women’s economic participation has been steadily decreasing since 2009. A WEF spokesperson told Caixin that “while nearly 70% of countries have narrowed the economic gender gap in the past 10 years, China’s gap actually widened over the same period.”
  • The economic gender gap is particularly big in high-growth areas such as artificial intelligence and computer engineering.
  • The area with the widest gap is politics. With so few women in the National People’s Congress and State Council, China’s political empowerment gap stands at 83.6%.
  • In terms of sex ratio at birth, China remains the world’s lowest-ranked country.
  • This year marks the fifth year in a row that China’s Gender Gap Index score has fallen.