2020 Presidential Election China Tracker | The Democrats on China Issues | SupChina

2020 Presidential Election China Tracker

Where do the Democratic Candidates for President stand on China?

Update June 27, 2019: Quotes on China from the first Democratic primary debate from four candidates — Julián Castro, John Delaney, Amy Klobuchar, and Tim Ryan — have been added. Tim Ryan was changed from 3 to 4 on the Hugger to Slugger scale. 

Update June 28, 2019: Quotes on China from the second night of the first Democratic primary debate from four candidates — Michael Bennet, Pete Buttigieg, John Hickenlooper, and Andrew Yang — have been added. 


America is gearing up for an extraordinary presidential election, and China is a country — and an issue — about which every candidate will need to form a position in the coming months. With the first debates between contenders for the Democratic Party nomination taking place on June 26 and 27 in Miami, we launched our 2020 Presidential Election China Tracker on June 25.

We will update this page frequently to let you know where the Democratic Party candidates stand in China and issues affecting its relationship with the U.S. The list is arranged in alphabetical order.

We have given each candidate a “Panda Hugger to Slugger” rating on a scale of 1 to 5 where 1 suggests they do or would like to cozy up to the Chinese government, and a 5 means that they take absolutely every chance they get to bash the Chinese government (à la Marco Rubio). Right now, no democratic candidate is on either extreme, though a few do stand out as markedly more critical or friendly towards Beijing than others. We will update these ratings as candidates develop and differentiate their positions.

Michael Bennet

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Michael Bennet

  • Key word or phrase: China’s unfair trade practices
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: He wants to keep “China accountable on trade.”

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “How would you stand up to China?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 27:

“I think the biggest factor in national security is Russia, not China…I think the president has been right to push back against China, but has done it in completely the wrong way. We should mobilize the entire rest of the world who all have a shared interest in pushing back on China’s mercantilist trade policies, and I think we can do that.”

On his strategy on China:
“A real strategy on China would strengthen our alliances, not provoke a trade war.”

On China’s unfair trade practices:
“For decades, China has used unfair trade practices to undermine American jobs and innovation. While the USTR Section 301 investigation did not address all the threats unfair Chinese trade practices pose to the U.S., it did identify several serious concerns faced by American workers and businesses.”

“Any acceptable agreement must, at a minimum, commit China to cease the predatory practices identified in the Section 301 investigation…Your negotiations should seek to extract meaningful commitments from China on each of these elements and end the threats that these policies pose to the U.S. economy and national security. A satisfactory agreement must include a clear and transparent monitoring and enforcement mechanism that allows the United States to hold China accountable.”

On technological threats from China:
“The United States must sharpen efforts to address technology threats from China and other nations that undermine our economic and national security, erode democratic norms, and leave vulnerable our supply chains. Successfully combatting these threats requires a long-term strategy for maintaining U.S. competitiveness in technologies of the future. We must work across public and private sectors to galvanize efforts that ensure our technological competitiveness.”

On Trump’s foreign policy with China:
“Offering to trade American sanctions enforcement to promote jobs in China is plainly a bad deal for American workers and for the security of all Americans,” the senators wrote. “American workers and companies confront rampant theft of U.S. intellectual property, agricultural policies that disadvantage American farmers, restrictions on market access for U.S. service providers and manufacturers, and mercantilist industrial policies that have cost U.S. workers their jobs. America’s policies toward China should put American workers, farmers and businesses first, not China’s.

“We urge you to focus on identifying effective strategies to reshape China’s policy approach in each of these areas, such as through enforceable commitments to eliminate forced technology transfer policies, market distorting subsidies, data localization policies, and foreign investment restrictions, and ensuring nondiscriminatory treatment of U.S. firms in regulatory and other proceedings. Above all, we urge you to remain steadfast in enforcing America’s laws.”

On tariffs:
“Putting tariffs on our allies, putting tariffs on even the Chinese that are actually taxes on American producers, American farmers, taxes on the American consumer and taxes on the American worker, I think are completely the wrong way of doing this.”

Links:

Joseph R. Biden Jr.

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Joseph R. Biden Jr.

  • Key word or phrase: China’s rise is a serious threat, but manageable
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Yes
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? With his long career in government, Biden has voted on and been associated with a lot of different legislation. Our research so far does not reveal any particular pattern with regard to China.
  • Views on trade and globalization: Pro free trade and globalization.

Quotes on China

On U.S.-China relations:
“China is going to eat our lunch? Come on, man. They are not competition for us.”

“We need to get tough with China. China poses a serious challenge to us, and in some areas a real threat.”

On the trade war:
“The only people who are paying a price are farmers and working people.”

On intellectual property:
“China’s greatest violation is the way they steal our intellectual property.”

On climate change:
“We can no longer separate trade policy from our climate objectives. Biden will not allow other nations, including China, to game the system by becoming destination economies for polluters, undermining our climate efforts and exploiting American workers and businesses.”

“Stop China from subsidizing coal exports and outsourcing carbon pollution. China is far and away the largest emitter of carbon in the world, and through its massive Belt and Road Initiative, Beijing is also annually financing billions of dollars of dirty fossil fuel energy projects across Asia and beyond. Biden will rally a united front of nations to hold China accountable to high environmental standards in its Belt and Road Initiative infrastructure projects, so that China can’t outsource pollution to other countries.”

On Hong Kong:
“The extraordinary bravery shown by hundreds of thousands in Hong Kong, marching for the civil liberties & autonomy promised by China is inspiring. And the world is watching. All of us must stand in support of democratic principles and freedom.”

Links

Bill de Blasio

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Bill de Blasio

  • Key word or phrase:  Unknown
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: 

Quotes on China
None found

Links:

Cory Booker

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Cory Booker

  • Key word or phrase: A pro-fair trade Democrat
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: He thinks the global trade agreements that the U.S. has been in are harmful to factory workers and small businesses in America. “We did not account for how globalism was going to severely hurt people in America.”

Quotes on China

On U.S.-China relations:
“China is playing an unfair game and their goal is to keep us divided. Trump played into their strategy.”

“I’m saying that if we are going to win in Asia, we need to bring together the allies that we have there, and do a deal that works for us to counter and check China in a substantive way.”

On American tech companies:
“So what I do have more of a problem with is the tech companies who are allowing China’s values on privacy, on security, using those tech platforms to squelch the human rights of others to surveil their citizens. These are things that I have a problem with. Tech companies are willing to sacrifice values for profit. That’s unacceptable to me.”

Links:

Pete Buttigieg

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Pete Buttigieg

  • Key word or phrase: China’s challenge to liberal values; “Chinese techno-authoritarianism”
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: Proponent of fair trade policy

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “How would you stand up to China?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 27:

“I mean, first of all, we’ve got to recognize that the ‘China challenge’ really is a serious one. This is not something to dismiss or wave away. And if you look at what China is doing, they’re using technology for the perfection of dictatorship. 

“But their fundamental economic model isn’t going to change because of some tariffs. I live in the industrial Midwest. Folks who aren’t in the shadow of a factory are somewhere near a soy field where I live, and manufacturers, and especially soy farmers, are hurting.

“Tariffs are taxes. And Americans are going to pay on average $800 more a year because of these tariffs. Meanwhile, China is investing so that they could soon be able to run circles around us in artificial intelligence. And this President is fixated on the China relationship as if all that mattered was the export balance on dishwashers. We’ve got a much bigger issue on our hands.

“But at a moment when their authoritarian model is being held up as an alternative to ours because ours looks so chaotic compared to theirs right now, because of our internal divisions, the biggest thing we’ve got to do is invest in our own domestic competitiveness. If we disinvest in our own infrastructure, education, we are never gonna be able to compete. And if we really want to be an alternative, a democratic alternative, we actually have to demonstrate that we care about democratic values at home and around the world.”

On the trade war:
America should “avoid threatening tariffs without much of a game plan.”

On the anniversary of Tiananmen:
“Today we honor those who sacrificed their lives and livelihoods for freedom and democracy in Tiananmen Square. And for those still fighting, from the Uighurs of Xinjiang to China’s courageous activists, publishers, lawyers, students, and feminists: We see you. We’re with you.”

On Hong Kong:
“Inspiring to see so many in Hong Kong marching peacefully this weekend. We must continue America’s commitment to Hong Kong’s openness, democratic values, and judicial independence.”

Links:

Julián Castro

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Julia n Castro

  • Key word or phrase: China is a rising power that needs to be reined in
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: “I do think that we ought to only strike trade agreements that are good for American workers and American companies. I disagree with people who say we’re going to close off trade — I don’t agree with that.”

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “Greatest geopolitical threat to the United States right now?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 26:

“China and climate change.”

On U.S.-China relations:

“And it’s more important than ever that we have allies around the world because we have countries like China that are growing very quickly, that are projected to get stronger and stronger militarily and economically.”

“We should allow China to compete, but not cheat.”

On Trump’s approach towards China:
“I mean Trump has been talking about that for 30 years. About how he thinks that the United States is getting ripped off by China. The problem is that the president has done a terrible job when it comes to laying the groundwork, setting the foundation to actually outcompete a country like China. He’s chosen a go-it-alone strategy that is hurting everybody from farmers in Iowa to business owners in Texas. And it doesn’t help many people.”

Links:

John Delaney

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 4

John Delaney

  • Key word or phrase: Intellectual property
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: “You have to build a coalition of all the countries in the world, and our private companies, to have a unified front in dealing with China around the issues that actually really matter.”

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “Greatest geopolitical threat to the United States right now?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 26:

“The greatest geopolitical challenge is China, while the greatest geopolitical threat remains nuclear weapons.”

On trade war:
“The President is right that we have a big problem with China.”

“China is our main rival economically. No question.”

“China has acted like ‘pirates.’ And that’s the best word I could come up with.”

“In many ways, he (Trump) is the mirror image of the Chinese. They don’t sell a set of values, they don’t sell kind of a global order if you will, they don’t sell allies, they sell transnational relationships.”

On intellectual property:
“The question is how do we deal with the fact that they steal intellectual property. We cannot let that happen. And we have to build competitive alternatives.”

Links:

Tulsi Gabbard

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Tulsi Gabbard

  • Key word or phrase: Nuclear
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: Gabbard “strongly stood against” trade agreements like the TPP and NAFTA, saying “hard working Americans have suffered, lost their jobs and livelihoods” as a consequence of them.

Quotes on China

On nuclear:
“We have rising tensions with nuclear armed countries like Russia and China.”

“So it’s important for us to make sure that we are de-escalating tensions with nuclear-armed countries like Russia and China, and build those relationships that are based more on cooperation, rather than conflict.”

On trade war:

“Trump’s trade-war against China has damaged, not helped, our economy, has undermined our efforts to denuclearize North Korea, and has strengthened the hand of Chinese anti-American militarists.”

On climate change:

“Even as we must do all that we can here in this country, it still won’t be enough unless we build relationships based on cooperation, rather than conflict, with other countries that are big contributors to this threat — countries like China, for example. While we have differences in certain areas, this is an issue that is a global crisis and can only be addressed with global action.”

Links:

Kirsten Gillibrand

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Kirsten Gillibrand

  • Key word or phrase: Rewarding people’s work
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? At a town hall meeting with CNN, she said that she learnt Chinese in college and had a great time travelling across the country. She studied at Beijing Normal University in 1986 and spent a second semester in Taiwan. She researched Tibetan refugees and interviewed the Dalai Lama for her senior project, and later spent four months in Hong Kong as a corporate lawyer.
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? In June, She introduced a bill that would “level the playing field” for American workers in global trade agreements. She sponsored two China-related bills: US – S178 Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2019; US – S1634 South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act of 2019.
  • Views on trade and globalization: She opposes TPP and “called for action to end unfair Chinese trade practices, including state subsidies in renewable energy and restricted exports of rare-earth metals.”

Quotes on China

On her bill:
“The Level the Playing Field in Global Trade Act of 2019 would require any future trade agreements that is eligible for fast track consideration by Congress to include enforceable wage, workplace, and environmental standards. This would help ensure that American workers and businesses are not undercut by foreign imports that are made by workers who are paid substandard wages or who work in hazardous conditions, and that imports are manufactured using sustainable production methods that uphold environmental standards.”

On Trump’s foreign policy with China:
“He ran on no bad trade deals. He started a trade war that is crippling our farmers and crippling our manufacturers. He ran on the system’s rigged and all he’s done is line his cabinet with the elite of the elite.”

Links:

Kamala Harris

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Kamala Harris

  • Key word or phrase: Rethink tariffs and bring China back to the negotiation table
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? In December, in an attempt to urge the Trump administration “protect American technology from China,” she introduced a bill to update the Economic Espionage Act to expand prosecutors’ ability to go after foreign hackers stealing trade secrets.
  • Views on trade and globalization: America needs better trade agreements than TPP to “protect workers and environmental regulations.”

Quotes on China

On tariffs:
“These tariffs would be particularly harmful for California, which has the country’s largest consumer electronics sector. The industry contributes $438 billion each year to California’s economy and directly employs over 900,000 workers in the state. Over 80,000 of these jobs are supported by exports.”

On U.S.-China relations:
“Whether it’s the nuclear threat of North Korea and Iran, chaos and oppression in Venezuela, or confronting China’s unfair trade practices, the U.S. is most effective at confronting global challenges when we work in lockstep with our partners.”

America should address “the threat [China] presents to our economy, the threat it presents to American workers.”

On intellectual property issues:
She accused China of “engaging in “unfair industrial policies and outright theft of American intellectual property.”

On Trump’s foreign policy with China:

“The president and his administration have failed to realize we’re stronger when we work with our allies on every issue — China included.”

“While we agree with the findings of your office’s recent investigation into China’s unfair industrial policies and outright theft of American intellectual property, we are concerned that the Administration’s trade actions are counterproductive to its goal of ensuring a level playing field for American companies.”

Links

John Hickenlooper

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

John Hickenlooper

  • Key word or phrase:  “Re-energize trade with the world”
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: Hickenlooper is a proponent of “open and fair trade policy. He called Trump’s trade policy “reckless”, saying the trade war is “a tax on the American people.”

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “What is the first relationship you would like to reset as president?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 27:

“The first country I would go to, and I understand they have been cheating and stealing intellectual property, would be China because if we are going to deal with public health pandemics, if we are going to deal with all of the challenges of the globe, we’ve got to have relationships with everyone.”

On U.S.-China relations:
“We should have a vision of where we want to be with China in ten years. And how do we get there, right? We don’t have protocols for cybersecurity right now. If there’s an incursion, there’s a breach of our cybersecurity, at different levels of that breach we don’t have protocols the way we did with military, from the Cold War. Think about Ebola pandemics.”

“So ten years down the road, that means we’ve got to be maybe not partners with China, but we gotta have a working relationship. We have to get to a point where they’re not stealing our intellectual property. Or they’re not cheating on the treaties that we have in place. Where we have some level of trust and, you know, we have certain shared goals that are explicit and non-transactional in nature.”

On intellectual property:
“When you look at some of these electronics companies and how they’re having to rebuild their supply chains because of these tariffs, these are … supply chains that were designed to create jobs in the United States. And now those jobs are probably moving away, moving out of the country forever.”

Links:

Jay Inslee

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 2

Jay Inslee

  • Key word or phrase: Re-engaging with China
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? As Washington Governor, Inslee facilitated an array of high-level technological and educational cooperations between his state and China.
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? Yes
  • Views on trade and globalization: Pro-trade and globalization. “Part of our success is the result of the globally-oriented outlook of our companies. We depend on positive working relationships with our trading partners and access to foreign markets to sell our goods and services worldwide.”

Quotes on China

On trade war:
“Unfortunately, the president’s erratic and unilateral moves undermine everything we’ve done to build up markets for our world-class products. The losers in these deals are Washington’s hard-working, job-creating manufacturers and growers and their customers.”

“Certainly there are a couple companies that say, ‘Gee, I like that protection.’ But for many others it’s not been good. They have to increase cost to their customers or absorb the costs of the tariffs. Many have investment plans, and now all of a sudden their exports are down and the cash flow they were going to use to finance their investment is shaky.” —Robert Hamilton, Democratic Gov. Jay Inslee’s trade adviser

On climate change:
“We know that China is doing some significant investment in clean energy domestically. We know that they recognize that air quality in Beijing is a threat to the stability of that nation. And when you talk to leaders in China they’ll tell you that’s the thing that they actually might lose the most sleep over. So they are taking dramatic action to reduce some of their carbon emissions domestically. But unfortunately, under the Belt and Road provision, they are not exporting coal around the world. And we have to use every single policy available to reengage China to stop those investments on a(n) international level, which is every bit as dangerous.”

Links:

Amy Klobuchar

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Amy Klobuchar

  • Key word or phrase: A delicate balance on trade issues
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: She has urged Trump “to quickly strike new trade deals and get rid of Chinese tariffs that have hurt pockets of the U.S. agricultural industry.”

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “Greatest geopolitical threat to the United States right now?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 26:

“Two threats: Economic threat, China; but our major threat right now is what’s going on in the Mid-East with Iran.”

On the trade war:
“China is someone that has been a country that’s been stealing intellectual property, subsidizing their industries, and creating an uneven playfield when it comes to trade.

On military competition and cybersecurity:
She would invest in diplomacy and rebuild the State Department and modernize our military to stay one step ahead of China and Russia, including with serious investments in cybersecurity.

Links:

Beto O’Rourke

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

Beto ORourke

  • Key word or phrase: A trade war with support from American allies
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: “China isn’t paying the price for this reckless trade war. We are.”

Quotes on China

On the trade war:
“I strongly agree that we’ve got to do all we can to support the cotton farmers across west Texas. That includes price support for cotton seed — but it also means we stand up together against Trump’s trade war, a trade war that will devastate Texas farmers.”

“Let’s make sure we hold other countries of the world accountable, but let’s not do it at the expense of our farmers, our growers, our producers, those who are fundamental to the success of the U.S. economy.”

“Trump knows full well how destructive his trade wars have been. They amount to one of the biggest middle-class tax hikes in history. But even with so many farmers crippled by tariffs, drowning in debt, and some farms still underwater, our President has refused to throw them a meaningful lifeline.”

“When in the history of this country have we ever gone to war, a military fight or a trade war, without allies? Because that’s exactly what we are doing now with China.”

“Farmers, ranchers, manufacturers and entire communities of Americans have paid the price for these trade wars. What we see is another example of Donald Trump trying to be both the arsonist who created this problem in the first place and the firefighter who wants credit for addressing it.”

On Joe Biden’s China remarks:
“On China, he says China is no threat—nothing to worry about. And now seems to be changing his message on that. So I’m not exactly sure what he believes.”

Links:

Tim Ryan

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 4

Tim Ryan

  • Key word or phrase: Economic issues
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? Yes (see bill to ban foreign firms “flaunting” U.S. laws)
  • Views on trade and globalization: Ryan said he shares Trump’s concerns with Chinese trade policy, but criticized the president’s “dangerous” lack of strategy. “It roils the markets, it doesn’t provide stability and he’s got no plan. So I’m not going to support this.” Ryan’s congressional district includes the former General Motors plant in Lordstown.

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “Greatest geopolitical threat to the United States right now?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 26:

“China without a question. They’re wiping us around the world economically.” 

Also as the first Democratic primary debate on June 26, in response to a question on whether he can fulfill a promise to bring back manufacturing jobs to places like Ohio, he decried the tax cuts and “bailouts” General Motors received under the Trump Administration, only to have them leave the country:

“I’ve had family members that have had to unbolt a machine from the factory floor, put it in a box and ship it to China.”

On China’s global influence:
“They’re putting billions of dollars behind these projects, and they have a 100-year plan. We’re in a 24-hour news cycle. And they’re winning, and that’s the urgency that I’m bringing to this race.”

“China is coming at us. They are in Africa. They are locking down long-term deals in Africa for raw materials. They’re building islands in the South China Sea. They’ve got very detailed, long-term programs like their One Belt, One Road, where they’re connecting Asia to the Middle East.”

On the trade war:
“Part of it is having people in the State Department having a long-term, sophisticated, diplomatic operation, being in touch with China, continuing to talk to them and having a relationship with them in the long term but also having an economic strategy of our own in that region of the world, making sure that we are competing globally, we’re not retreating from, you know, NATO and our relationships that we have militarily and diplomatically in that region, and letting our friends and allies know that we are going to be with them and compete in this global economy.”

“Trump does not have a big strategy. He has a tactic that gets him on TV because he sends a tweet out — tariffs are on, tariffs are off — and the media runs with it all the time and it changes the subject and he can look tough. We’re getting our clock cleaned.”

Links:

Bernie Sanders

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 4

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  • Key word or phrase: Fixing trade policies
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? Voted against normalizing trade with China in 2000.
  • Views on trade and globalization: Views trade with China as very unbalanced and responsible for millions of job losses in the United States.

Quotes on China

On trade with China:
“Since the China trade deal I voted against, America has lost over 3 million manufacturing jobs. It’s wrong to pretend that China isn’t one of our major economic competitors. When we are in the White House we will win that competition by fixing our trade policies.”

On China’s clean energy investments:
“China, with one-third our per capita income, leads on electric vehicles and renewable energy, while Trump says climate change is a hoax. A Green New Deal would invest in building our electric buses, trains and cars here in America with good union wages.”

Links:

Eric Swalwell

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 3

eric swalwell

  • Key word or phrase: A trade war with China is no good
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? In 2014, he praised WTO’s decision on China’s improper export restraints
  • Views on trade and globalization: He thinks a trade war with China “was not beneficial to the United States and said he believes Trump has alienated nations with longstanding relationships with the U.S.”

Quotes on China

On rare earth element exports from China:
Rep. Eric Swalwell on Twitter: “My bill countered China’s cheating around rare earth element exports by getting the US in the game. @GOPLeader and I negotiated a compromise consensus bill. @Heritage_Action opposed it & sent @MickMulvaneyOMB to @HouseFloor to object to unanimous consent.”

Links:

Elizabeth Warren

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 4

Elizabeth Warren

  • Key word or phrase: China’s leveraging its economic power to legitimize domestic political oppression
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Yes
  • Associated with any previous China policies? Sponsors the US – S178 Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2019
  • Views on trade and globalization: “His [Trump’s] trade policies toward China are hardly stopping Chinese economic malfeasance.”

Quotes on China

On China’s economic growth and its political system:
“China weaponized its economy without ever loosening its domestic political constraints.”

“China is on the rise, using its economic might to bludgeon its way onto the world stage and offering a model in which economic gains legitimize oppression.”

Americans cannot support a more integrated economic system with China if it “fails to respect basic human rights”.

On the technological competition between China and the U.S.:
“Would-be rivals, for their part, have watched and learned, and they are hard at work developing technologies and tactics to leapfrog the United States, investing heavily in such areas as robotics, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, synthetic biology, and quantum computing. China is making massive bets in these and other areas in an effort to surpass the United States as a global technological power.”

“In Asia, we should encourage our allies to enhance their multilateral cooperation and build alternatives to China’s coercive diplomacy. We should also respond to China’s efforts to force foreign companies to hand over sensitive technology in order to gain access to the Chinese market and penalize its theft of U.S. intellectual property.”

On the use of tariffs:
“What I’d like to see us do is rethink all of our trade policy. And I have to say, when President Trump says he’s putting tariffs on the table, I think tariffs are one part of reworking our trade policy overall.”

Links:

Marianne Williamson

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: Unable to rate

Marianne Williamson

  • Key word or phrase:  Unclear
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: Unknown

Quotes on China
None found

Links

Andrew Yang

Panda Hugger to Slugger rating: 2

Andrew Yang

  • Key word or phrase: Tech competition
  • Business, professional, or family ties to China? Unknown; his parents emigrated from Taiwan to the U.S.
  • Been to China? Unknown
  • Associated with any previous China policies? No
  • Views on trade and globalization: “The winners of the U.S.-China trade war are Vietnam and Mexico. The losers are U.S. and Chinese businesses and consumers.”

Quotes on China

In response to the question, “What is the first relationship you would like to reset as president?”, at the first Democratic primary debate on June 27:

“China, we need to cooperate with them on climate change, AI, and other issues, North Korea.”

At the first Democratic primary debate on June 27, in response to, “Mr. Yang let me bring you in on this. On the issue of China, you have expressed a lot of concerns over technology and taking jobs. Are you worried about China? And if so how would you stand up against it?”

“I just want to agree that I think Russia is our greatest geopolitical threat, because they have been hacking our democracy successfully and they’ve been laughing their asses off about it for the last couple of years. So we should start focusing on that before we start worrying about other threats. 

“Now China, they do pirate our intellectual property. It’s a massive problem. But the tariffs and the trade war are just punishing businesses and producers and workers on both sides. I met with a farmer in Iowa who said he spent six years building up a buying relationship with China that’s now disappeared and gone forever, and the beneficiaries have not been American workers or people in China. It’s been Southeast Asia and other producers that have then stepped into the void. So we need to crack down on Chinese malfeasance in the trade relationship, but the tariffs and the trade war are the wrong way to go.”

On intellectual property:
“They (China) have taken advantage of frameworks to their own benefit and we haven’t had some of the same benefits.”

On U.S.-China relations:
“But China is in the midst of a historic increase in prosperity and that is something America should not be threatened by at all.”

“I think China’s being set up as the antagonist by the U.S. If we can see China’s rise as complementary, that would be the best hope. That, unfortunately, is not what I think is the American tendency. But if I become president, hopefully I can make it so.”

On U.S.-China technology competition:
“The US – China tech trade war will have profound implications. It will be a massive setback for Chinese providers like Huawei in the short term. But if they succeed in building software independent of Google they will have a very different ecosystem. I preferred interdependence.”

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